email@example.com, Tikrit University /College of Education for Humamanities/English Department
Understanding poetry has been always a difficult task for students because the language of the English poetry is difficult and complex . The commonly used method in teaching poetry at the University level is the traditional method ( lecturing ) by which a poem is introduced by the teacher where the students respond passively. The majority of university students complains a negative attitude towards poerty as the teacher's ready-made notes cannot stimulate the students to interact with the text or to cooperate with each other to discover and share the ideas. Hence, it is necessary to dig in the methods that can be employed to improve the students' understanding and comprehending of poetic texts taught in the second year stage, College of Education, English Department, University of Samarra. This research explores experimentally the role of Paideia Seminar technique in teaching poetry to university students. The Paideia seminar is a structured, student-centered discussion that requires the thinking of the poetic text elicited by open-ended questions. It is hypothesized that the use of the Paideia seminar technique has a significant degree of positive effect on students' achievement in poetry. To fulfill the aim of the study and to verify the hypothesis, an experiment has been designed , sixty students have been selected to be the sample of the study, divided into two equal groups: thirty students representing the experimental group (taught by Paideia seminar) and thirty students representing the control group ( lecture). The two groups have been equalized. After instruction for six weeks, a test has been constructed and applied. Data have been analyzed using T-test for independent samples and T-test for paired samples. It has been found that students in the experimental group perform better than students in control group. Applying Paideia seminar technique has motivated students to be engaged in problems of interpreting and better understanding of the poetic text. The results obtained from this study indicate the superiority of Paideia seminar as compared to lecture of teaching poetry.
teaching, inovative method , English poetry , Paideia Seminar,